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Project Report On Fundamental Analysis By Sourabh Mandal

Avinash T describes himself as Stock, Derivatives, Fundamental and technical analysis trainer, completed NSE and NISM certifications. He conducts classes in NISM Training, Stock Market Investing, fundamental and technical analysis, derivatives trading . Investor and newsletter polls, and magazine cover sentiment indicators, are also used by technical analysts. John Murphy states that the principal sources of information available to technicians are price, volume and open interest. Other data, such as indicators and sentiment analysis, are considered secondary.

However, for long term investors, it’s important to have an idea of the value of a company. This is important when picking stocks to hold for the long term, to manage portfolio risk, and to know when to exit extended price moves. In the future, the debate over the two styles of analysis may become immaterial as multiple approaches are combined with quantitative and systematic approaches to investing.

fundamental and technical analysis project report

The investment research site has a free service that provides general market data and information about the financial markets and business news. One of its popular features is the Bull and Bear of the Day, where the service selects two stocks and rates them as a Bull or Bear pick. Fundamental analysis can be more helpful for figuring out long-term investments while technical analysis is better served for short-term trading and timing the market. You can use both to plan investments over the short term and long term. Analysts typically start from a wider perspective, such as current economic conditions, and then hone in on an individual company’s performance.

Has its 20-day moving average broken above its 50-day moving average? A trader looking to short a stock might search for one trading below its 20-day moving average, and whose 20-day moving average is below its 50-day moving average. You might narrow the list further by looking for stocks that trade at least 200,000 shares a day. Until the mid-1960s, tape reading was a popular form of technical analysis. It consisted of reading market information such as price, volume, order size, and so on from a paper strip which ran through a machine called a stock ticker. Market data was sent to brokerage houses and to the homes and offices of the most active speculators.

What Are The 3 Layers Of Fundamental Analysis?

Fundamental analysis can be performed quickly with various widely available financial tools or be extensive depending on how much time and effort the investor wants to commit. Whether technical analysis actually works is a matter of controversy. Methods vary greatly, and different technical analysts can sometimes make contradictory predictions from the same data. Many investors claim that they experience positive returns, but academic appraisals often find that it has little predictive power.

Fundamental analysis considers the intrinsic value of a stock for identifying opportunities for long-term investment. The technical analysis evaluates the past price movements of a stock. It predicts how a stock will perform in the future, i.e., whether its price is expected to increase or decrease over a shorter period. Financial statements are the medium by which a company discloses information concerning its financial performance. Followers of fundamental analysis use quantitative information from financial statements to make investment decisions. The three most important financial statements are income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements.

I am having experiance for being part of many new project finance as project appraiser and CREDIT MONITORING DATA analysist. Average directional index– a widely used indicator of trend strength. Point and figure chart– a chart type employing numerical filters with only passing references to time, and which ignores time entirely in its construction.

An uptrend is defined as a sequence of higher highs and higher lows. To draw an uptrend line, a technician draws a line connecting the lows on the price chart. A downtrend is defined as a sequence of lower highs and lower lows. To draw a downtrend line, a technician draws a line connecting the highs on the price chart. Fundamental analysis considers both past and presented data about a stock, whereas technical analysis considers only past data.

What Is Fundamental Analysis Of Stocks?

Qualitative fundamentals are not exactly tangible or hard like the numbers are. From that base, you can add additional filters, indicators and other overlays. For example, adding the Aroon overlay along with Bollinger bands can help you interpret where the stock’s price might go based on its recent (or long-term) performance. By contrast, a bottom-up approach to technical analysis includes looking for potentially undervalued stocks and examining them on a more fundamental basis to find a point of entry where the stock looks like it’s bottomed out. Lastly, one of the biggest assumptions technical analysis makes is that prices follow trends and aren’t random. Tim Sykes rose to fame by taking around $12,000 in bar mitzvah financial gift money and day trading it on penny stocks.

Our results are also applicable to other finance courses including financial analysis, investments, and student managed investment fund. The current status of the companies is derived from the production, sales volume & how it complements the demand and supply status. These facts shows where the product/company stand among the competitors.


While some of these are old-school tools, investors like to look at earnings per share to see what makes a stock cheap or expensive in the eye of a trader. Once you know that, you can predict whether a stock will perform better or worse in the next few years. For example, there is cash from investing or CFI, which is used for investing in assets like equipment.

Technical Analysis is used to forecast the price of a share, which says that the price of a share of the company is based on the interaction of demand and supply forces, operating in the marketplace. It is used to forecast the future market price of the stock, as per the past performance statistics of the share. For this purpose, first of all, the changes in the price of the stock are ascertained, to know how the price will change in future. Price-Sales (P/S) and Price-Book (P/B) are comparative valuation ratios that indicate if a stock is trading at a premium or discount compared to its peers and sector/industry. Publicly traded companies are required to file financial statements with the United Stated Securities and Exchange Commission .

The basic definition of a price trend was originally put forward by Dow theory. Other pioneers of analysis techniques include Ralph Nelson Elliott, William Delbert Gann, and Richard Wyckoff who developed their respective techniques in the early 20th century. More technical tools and theories have been developed and enhanced in recent decades, with an increasing emphasis on computer-assisted techniques using specially designed computer software. What makes a market society one that is more beneficial than a society that is stateregulated? Prosperity comes from greater interaction between states and markets.

fundamental and technical analysis project report

And since the intended duration of a trade may change, employing both forms of analysis might be your best approach. Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services. Hai, This is Aagash I’m from Chennai I’m an Equity Derivatives analyst and providing Investment advisory and also managing my clients Portfolio.


This system fell into disuse with the advent of electronic information panels in the late 60’s, and later computers, which allow for the easy preparation of charts. In 2013, Kim Man Lui and T Chong pointed out that the past findings on technical analysis mostly reported the profitability of specific trading rules for a given set of historical data. These past studies had not taken the human trader into consideration as no real-world trader would mechanically adopt signals from any technical analysis method. Therefore, to unveil the truth of technical analysis, we should get back to understand the performance between experienced and novice traders.

  • TradingView also pre-built screens, such as Large-Cap, High-Dividend, Most Volatile, even Largest Employers.
  • Technical analysis is not limited to charting, but it always considers price trends.
  • All chartists use price charts – usually either line charts, bar charts or candlestick charts.
  • If the fair market value is lower than the market price, the stock is deemed overvalued, and the recommendation might be not to buy or to sell if the stock is held.

Firms drive needs for global trade, but society within states promotes market changes. Some regulation of markets is desirable, while free markets must have some enforcement mechanism of rules to address inequalities and alleviate some of the side-effects of market transition. Common reversal patterns are head and shoulders (H&S), inverse H&S, double top, double bottom, triple top, and triple bottom. You need the right share trading account with the required support, functionality, and cost. Quantitative studies have found that a combination of value and momentum can be an effective method of stock picking. In essence, stocks trading on low valuations but with strong momentum tend to outperform.

As the purpose of the analysis is to select those stocks that can be purchased now to be sold at higher prices in a shorter period. Comparable Company AnalysisComparable comps are nothing but identifying relative valuations like an expert to find the firm’s fair value. This analysis uses past price movements to predict future price movements. Market To CorrectMarket Correction is usually referred to as a fall of 10% or more from its latest high. It happens due to various reasons such as declining macro-economic factors, intense pessimism across the economy, securities specific factors, over-inflation in the markets, and so on. Economic FactorsEconomic factors are external, environmental factors that influence business performance, such as interest rates, inflation, unemployment, and economic growth, among others.

Instead, the investor focuses on analyzing the stock chart itself for hints about where the price may be headed. They are a trusted partner to institutional investors globally, providing mutual fund and separate account management. Reliance on in-depth, research-driven strategies has historically produced strong results across products and market cycles. Financial ratios generated from financial reports and government industry and economic reports are used to valuate a company. Not every analyst uses the same tools or views stocks similarly—you might determine a stock is valued differently than another analyst.

The tools are used mainly to find the overbought and oversold position in the stock market. The stochastic values are between which helps to determine the market scenario. The two stochastic indicators are comprised of two lines namely; %K and %D. The investors using the short-term moving average follows %K and for long-term moving average for %D. Though, both are used for buy signal or sell signal by the investors.

Examples Of Fundamental Analysis Tools

For example, a Bitcoin lost in a wallet since February 2016 will only be valued at around $400. There are a huge number of indicators and metrics available to choose from. Each indicator only tells part of the story, so use a variety of them in your analysis. In theory, it would be easy to issue a useless token with a supply of ten million units. If just one of those tokens was traded for $1, then the market cap would be $10 million.

The fundamental analysis offers insights into a company’s well-being as well as historical performance ratios to predict the future growth and success of a stock. As you build a portfolio, you want to have stocks that are projected to increase your returns in the long term. Today, I’ll highlight some of the best stock research websites on the web.

Screen Stocks Using Technical Analysis

It can mean anything related to the economic conditions surrounding a company. Typically, analysts always look at numbers like revenue, losses, and profits over a period of months and years. They also look at the company’s current market share to the quality of how the company is run.

The data item is calculated as the percentage change between estimated EPS for the current financial year and actual EPS for the most recently reported financial year. EPS growth indicates the growth rate of the company’s profit, per unit of equity. Theoretically, a company might be able to expand its operations and increase its profits by issuing more shares and investing the same into business. However because of increase in the number of shares, EPS will not grow. A company that is able to grow its profit, per unit of equity, is considered to be efficient.

It is believed that price action tends to repeat itself due to the collective, patterned behavior of investors. Hence technical analysis focuses on identifiable price trends and conditions. The moving average is the average of the closing Fundamental and Technical Analysis prices of a security over a specified number of periods. Moving averages are a smoothing technique that gives the technical analyst a view of market trends. A price move above the long-term moving average is a sign of an uptrend.

In the case of HDFC we can see that the volatility is least as compared to its peers. So this makes it a favorable stock to invest in, as it will not be affected largely in case of an economic crisis. Day TradersThe day trader is an individual who trades in the financial markets daily to earn profits by exploiting the inefficiencies present in the market. The three types of traders are – individual traders, financial institution traders, scalpers and momentum traders. Ratio AnalysisRatio analysis is the quantitative interpretation of the company’s financial performance.

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